Poultry International - February 2020 - 25

PoultryInternational ❙ 25

Virome
The virome is what we call the community of viruses
in the microbiome. While we are familiar with the
viruses that impact the host, we can't forget the vast
population of bacteriophages, or viruses, that impact
the bacterial and fungal communities. 
The virome is a huge source of genetic diversity
in the GI tract that is uncharacterized in any animal,
let alone in the chicken. Research has shown that
the virome is important for maintaining microbiome
stability and recovery in times of challenge and that
it can play roles in immunity and nutrient cycling.
Importantly, the virome can also be a source of genetic
functions for the bacterial community that it affects,
including as a reservoir for genes that convey antibiotic
resistance, for example. 
While there have been examples of bacteriophage

use in poultry, namely for the elimination of salmonella
or other food pathogens, we are only scratching the
surface in our understanding of the poultry gut virome.
When we think about the poultry gut microbiome we need to think not only about the bacteria
present but holistically, including the mycobiome
and the virome. 
As we learn more about these two areas and how
they interact with gut bacteria it is easy to imagine routes
for new product development. We could see new fungal
based probiotics for poultry that strengthen a positive gut
environment, or bacteriophage products that support gut
health by working not on the animal but selectively on
its bacteria. An approach leveraging all members of the
microbiome could offer tremendous potential for innovation and product development, of which I am sure we will
be hearing more of in the future. ■

Scott Carter, Ph.D., is CSO of Anizome, Microbiome Innovation for next generation solutions in animal health
and nutrition.

Please visit us at the VIV/MEA -
Abu Dhabi, Booth # 10.U008

February 2020 ❙ www.WATTAgNet.com


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Poultry International - February 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Poultry International - February 2020

Poultry International - February 2020
Contents
Editor’s Comment
WATTAgNet.com
Top 11 European poultry producers
The key to successful broiler chick brooding
VIV MEA expanded for 2020 show in Abu Dhabi
Fast food chains ponder impact of plant-based proteins
4 ways to manage biofilm in poultry drinking water
Understanding the entire poultry gut microbiome
FeedStrategy.com launches Animal Feed Formulations Library
5 broiler early nutrition research highlights
6 issues set to shape 2020 poultry feed production
VICTAM Asia a total animal feed and health event
How today’s larger broilers impact processing operations
Products
Marketplace
Advertisers’ Index
Poultry International - February 2020 - Poultry International - February 2020
Poultry International - February 2020 - Cover2
Poultry International - February 2020 - Contents
Poultry International - February 2020 - Editor’s Comment
Poultry International - February 2020 - 3
Poultry International - February 2020 - 4
Poultry International - February 2020 - WATTAgNet.com
Poultry International - February 2020 - Top 11 European poultry producers
Poultry International - February 2020 - 7
Poultry International - February 2020 - 8
Poultry International - February 2020 - 9
Poultry International - February 2020 - The key to successful broiler chick brooding
Poultry International - February 2020 - 11
Poultry International - February 2020 - 12
Poultry International - February 2020 - 13
Poultry International - February 2020 - 14
Poultry International - February 2020 - 15
Poultry International - February 2020 - VIV MEA expanded for 2020 show in Abu Dhabi
Poultry International - February 2020 - 17
Poultry International - February 2020 - Fast food chains ponder impact of plant-based proteins
Poultry International - February 2020 - 19
Poultry International - February 2020 - 4 ways to manage biofilm in poultry drinking water
Poultry International - February 2020 - 21
Poultry International - February 2020 - 22
Poultry International - February 2020 - 23
Poultry International - February 2020 - Understanding the entire poultry gut microbiome
Poultry International - February 2020 - 25
Poultry International - February 2020 - 26
Poultry International - February 2020 - 27
Poultry International - February 2020 - FeedStrategy.com launches Animal Feed Formulations Library
Poultry International - February 2020 - 29
Poultry International - February 2020 - 5 broiler early nutrition research highlights
Poultry International - February 2020 - 31
Poultry International - February 2020 - 32
Poultry International - February 2020 - 33
Poultry International - February 2020 - 6 issues set to shape 2020 poultry feed production
Poultry International - February 2020 - 35
Poultry International - February 2020 - 36
Poultry International - February 2020 - 37
Poultry International - February 2020 - 38
Poultry International - February 2020 - 39
Poultry International - February 2020 - VICTAM Asia a total animal feed and health event
Poultry International - February 2020 - 41
Poultry International - February 2020 - How today’s larger broilers impact processing operations
Poultry International - February 2020 - 43
Poultry International - February 2020 - 44
Poultry International - February 2020 - 45
Poultry International - February 2020 - 46
Poultry International - February 2020 - 47
Poultry International - February 2020 - Products
Poultry International - February 2020 - 49
Poultry International - February 2020 - 50
Poultry International - February 2020 - 51
Poultry International - February 2020 - Advertisers’ Index
Poultry International - February 2020 - Cover3
Poultry International - February 2020 - Cover4
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