Nepal plans to triple
poultry business in 15
Nepal’s government has introduced a poultry
policy that aims to triple the per-capita
consumption and availability of chicken and
eggs in the next 15 years by encouraging the
commercialization of poultry in areas where
necessary infrastructures are already in place,
according to reports.
Current average per-capita consumption
of poultry meat and eggs stands at 9 kg
and 120 pieces. “The long-awaited poultry
policy has envisaged strategies including
prioritizing the poultry sector for government
support programs so as to encourage massive
commercialization of this emerging sector that
has already seen an investment of over Rs 30
billion (US$385.8 million),” said Dr. Til Chandra
Bhattarai, Nepal poultry industry expert.
The policy focuses on incentives such
as interest subsidies, exceptions on customs
duties and import taxes related to poultry
equipment, and simplification of registration.
Research and development of new breeds
of chicken, promotion of local breeds in
areas where infrastructure is still not in place
and encouraging insurance against natural
disasters are also part of the new policy.
Nepal has also envisioned the grading,
labeling and standardization of poultry meat and
eggs. The government would extend financial
and technical support to establish market centers
and an Export Processing Zone for market
promotion of poultry products. The policy has
also underlined the need to encourage the
private sector to set up slaughter houses and
meat processing facilities. The policy provides
for the establishment of a directive committee
to develop the poultry sector on public private
partnership and cooperative models.
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Plasma can be effective
pathogen killer on
A Drexel University study by food safety
researchers has found that plasma can be an
effective method for killing pathogens on
uncooked poultry, reducing levels of bacteria
in high concentrations and eliminating
bacteria in low concentrations, according to
research published in the January issue of the
Journal of Food Protection.
Past studies have already found that
plasma, which is non-thermal and therefore
does not cook or alter the way food looks, may
successfully reduce pathogens on the surface
of fruits and vegetables. In the Drexel study, raw
chicken samples contaminated with Salmonella
enterica and Campylobacter jejuni bacteria
were treated with plasma. The treatment
eliminated or nearly eliminated bacteria in low
levels from skinless chicken breast and chicken
skin and significantly reduced the level of
bacteria when contamination levels were high,
according to the data.
Currently, plasma technology is expensive
and not being developed for processing
poultry on a large scale. If it becomes cost-effective for use in treating poultry, it may be
used in conjunction with existing methods
to reduce pathogens, said study lead author
Brian Dirks, a graduate student in the College
of Arts and Sciences, and it may also help
prolong the shelf-life of raw chicken if it can
be honed to remove more microorganisms
responsible for spoilage.
India culls 20,000 birds
at state-run poultry farm
A total of 20,000 chickens were culled at the
Central Poultry Development Organization farm
in the Indian state of Odisha after the Indian
Veterinary Research Institute’s High Security Animal
Disease Laboratory confirmed the presence of the
H5N1 virus there, according to reports.
The farm has a total of 29,000 birds, and
the government also ordered the culling of
any birds within a three-kilometer radius of
the farm. So far 11,955 chicks and 8,045 adult
birds have been culled, and officials estimate
that 48,000 birds could eventually be culled.
The bird flu alert has led to a sharp drop
in the sale and consumption of chicken and
other poultry products in the city.