Poultry International - November 2019 - 29

PoultryInternational ❙ 29

assumption that if you eliminate animal agriculture, animal
feed could be diverted elsewhere. He said that's false. A
2018 report by The Food and Agriculture Organization of
the United Nations (FAO) he cited said 86% of livestock
feed is not suitable for human consumption. Using otherwise inedible material, the same report said, livestock
provides 18% of calories and 34% of protein globally.

Greenhouse gas emissions
It's important to establish a baseline for animal agriculture's
environmental impact. Erpelding referenced a 2013 report
by the FAO that said chickens accounted
for the lowest amount of emissions
among other livestock animals including
beef cattle, dairy cattle, pigs and buffalo.
This shows the global industry is already
well positioned in terms of sustainability.
He reviewed data from a number
of sources including the U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency
(EPA), the FAO, and the Intergovernmental Panel on
Climate Change. The data showed that globally agriculture,
forestry and other land use in that category account for 24%
of greenhouse gas emissions. In the U.S., according to the
EPA, agriculture accounts for 9%, which Erpelding said
may be closer to global emissions for the sector.
Since the 1970s, agriculture's overall contribution of
greenhouse gases has remained relatively steady while
other human activities' - transportation, industry, and
energy (electricity, heating, etc.) - output all increased
over time. Chicken, specifically, decreased its emissions
thanks to the industry's steadily increasing efficiency.

of sodium; low intake of whole grains and low intake
of fruits. Conversely, from a dietary risk comparative ranking, it found both the mortality rate and the
number of deaths at the global level attributable to diet
were the lowest in diets high in red meat, low in milk
and high in processed meat.
Erpelding said this report should be better publicized and studied to help understand what role food
truly plays in our health. He said it could play a significant role in crafting a scientifically proven sustainable,
healthy diet for humanity.

POULTRY, AS A NUTRITIOUS and
sustainable protein, will play a role in
the diet of the future.

The role of meat in a healthy diet
Meat's health impact is also much maligned in the popular
mind. The belief is red meat and processed meat are bad for
you. But, what actually kills people? Erpelding reviewed
another report - this one financed by the Bill and Melinda
Gates Foundation - that looked into what global dietary
trends were associated with premature death.
The study identified three key factors: high intake
November 2019 ❙ www.WATTAgNet.com

The role of the poultry industry
Poultry, as a nutritious and sustainable protein, will play
a role in the diet of the future. Erpelding made these
recommendations:
■ Consider the sustainable development goals: Poultry
companies should consider the UN's goals as part of
their overall vision on sustainability.
■ Follow all the science, but think critically: The industry
should follow the science and make science-based decisions. However, it must not forget to consider the source
of the study, its methodology and its financing, too.
Those factors can influence outcomes.
■ Share the economic impact of poultry: Poultry's
economic impact, from small farmers to international corporations, is massive. Sharing that data with
consumers and policymakers is important to building
the discussion surrounding the industry.
■ Get a seat at the table with politicians: Governmental
organizations will play a role in sustainability going
forward, so the industry should proactively reach out in
order to stay in the policy discussions that impact it. ■


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Poultry International - November 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Poultry International - November 2019

Poultry International - November 2019
Contents
Editor’s Comment
WATTAgNet.com
10 tips for proper broiler evisceration How to improve evisceration efficiency and reduce cross-contamination at the poultry processing plant.
US Hispanic market for chicken needs to be claimed
Spain’s largest cage-free egg producer urges animal welfare
ASF offers major opportunities for poultry, egg producers
Employee ventilation training key to layer farm success
Could avian flu-resistant chickens be a commercial reality?
What does science say about poultry sustainability?
How managing layer weight and nutrition impacts egg size
Key considerations to minimize processed poultry rejects
Marketplace
Advertisers’ Index
Poultry International - November 2019 - CT1
Poultry International - November 2019 - CT2
Poultry International - November 2019 - Poultry International - November 2019
Poultry International - November 2019 - Cover2
Poultry International - November 2019 - Contents
Poultry International - November 2019 - Editor’s Comment
Poultry International - November 2019 - 3
Poultry International - November 2019 - 4
Poultry International - November 2019 - WATTAgNet.com
Poultry International - November 2019 - 10 tips for proper broiler evisceration How to improve evisceration efficiency and reduce cross-contamination at the poultry processing plant.
Poultry International - November 2019 - 7
Poultry International - November 2019 - 8
Poultry International - November 2019 - 9
Poultry International - November 2019 - US Hispanic market for chicken needs to be claimed
Poultry International - November 2019 - 11
Poultry International - November 2019 - Spain’s largest cage-free egg producer urges animal welfare
Poultry International - November 2019 - 13
Poultry International - November 2019 - 14
Poultry International - November 2019 - 15
Poultry International - November 2019 - ASF offers major opportunities for poultry, egg producers
Poultry International - November 2019 - 17
Poultry International - November 2019 - 18
Poultry International - November 2019 - 19
Poultry International - November 2019 - Employee ventilation training key to layer farm success
Poultry International - November 2019 - 21
Poultry International - November 2019 - 22
Poultry International - November 2019 - 23
Poultry International - November 2019 - Could avian flu-resistant chickens be a commercial reality?
Poultry International - November 2019 - 25
Poultry International - November 2019 - 26
Poultry International - November 2019 - What does science say about poultry sustainability?
Poultry International - November 2019 - 28
Poultry International - November 2019 - 29
Poultry International - November 2019 - How managing layer weight and nutrition impacts egg size
Poultry International - November 2019 - 31
Poultry International - November 2019 - Key considerations to minimize processed poultry rejects
Poultry International - November 2019 - 33
Poultry International - November 2019 - 34
Poultry International - November 2019 - 35
Poultry International - November 2019 - Advertisers’ Index
Poultry International - November 2019 - Cover3
Poultry International - November 2019 - Cover4
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