Poultry International - April 2018 - 35

PoultryInternational ❙ 35

nable levels. Again, we shall not consider the lower
quality fish meals, because their problems - in the
form of increased risks - are too many to consider in
sensitive diets such as those offered to rapidly growing
birds and layers producing eggs for human consumption.
With such high cost, good quality fish meal has become
a luxury ingredient in poultry diets, and many consider
whether they should accept the high price or just ignore
this ingredient.
Using fish meal has become a tool to overcome problems rather than a dependable source of proteins.

Pros
Fish meal remains an excellent source of protein, and
if it is of the best quality, it will still improve feed intake.
This remains an undeniable fact that has not changed.
Thus, when one is faced with animals suffering from low
feed intake problems, or wants to supplement a protein
source of exceptionally low quality (and cost), then using
fish meal remains a good option. In all likelihood, such an
option will pay for itself and is recommended. Perhaps it
is not feasible to use fish meal in all poultry diets and, as
such, its use should be limited to super sensitive diets, such
as those destined for broilers in the first days post-hatch
(super pre-starter diets), when birds recover from a gut
damaging disease or when feed intake is hampered by a
bitter or other undesirable ingredient. In brief, using fish
meal has become a tool to overcome problems rather than
a dependable source of proteins.

Cons
Against fish meal are numerous reports about its
quality (mostly rancidity but also putrefaction of proteins due to improper storage of fish before processing

into fish meal). One also has to consider the social/
environmental image or impact when using an ingredient that is depleting wild stocks of fish, but such scruples
also affect those industries that use up current quantities
of fish meal without much regard to its cost. Reports
that fish meal spread diseases, such as Salmonella, are
not new or novel. Any animal or otherwise ingredient
can become a carrier of disease microorganisms, and
excluding one or the other has not stopped diseases from
spreading. It is lack of proper quality control and not
specific ingredients that cause this kind of problem -
as it has repeatedly been demonstrated.

The future
Wild stocks of fish suitable for fish meal do not
appear to recover, at least not as fast as would enable
prices to drop back to historical levels. If aquafeeds reduce their dependence on fish meal to feed carnivorous
farmed fish, then perhaps we can enjoy some decrease
in prices, but this remains a rather remote possibility as
well. Thus, traditional fish meal will remain expensive
in the foreseeable future unless we have a revolutionary
turn of events. What is most promising is the conversion
of fish waste into fish meal. The potential is huge; the
quantities are available, but the
investment is equally daunting,
and the word waste is not only deceptive, but also misleading. Fish
meal from waste parts can be of
even higher quality than fish meal
from fished stock, but that is a totally different story. ■

Read more: 5 guidelines
for alternative animal
feed ingredients,
www.WATTAgNet.com/
articles/28760

April 2018 ❙ www.WATTAgNet.com


http://www.WATTAgNet.com/articles/28760 http://www.WATTAgNet.com

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Poultry International - April 2018

Poultry International - April 2018
Contents
Editor’s Comment
News
Mixed prospects for Middle East’s poultry sector
Eggs provide poverty alleviation in developing countries
VIV Europe to focus on smart food production
State-of-the-art poultry research center opens in UK
Whole grains in broiler diets may boost feed efficiency
How endotoxins aggravate broiler heat stress
Marketing-driven poultry production’s real feed costs
Fish meal in poultry diets: to use, or not to use?
Poultry processing requires mix of expertise, automation
Products
Marketplace
Ad Index
Poultry International - April 2018 - CT1
Poultry International - April 2018 - CT2
Poultry International - April 2018 - Poultry International - April 2018
Poultry International - April 2018 - Cover2
Poultry International - April 2018 - BB1
Poultry International - April 2018 - BB2
Poultry International - April 2018 - Contents
Poultry International - April 2018 - Editor’s Comment
Poultry International - April 2018 - 3
Poultry International - April 2018 - News
Poultry International - April 2018 - 5
Poultry International - April 2018 - Mixed prospects for Middle East’s poultry sector
Poultry International - April 2018 - 7
Poultry International - April 2018 - 8
Poultry International - April 2018 - 9
Poultry International - April 2018 - Eggs provide poverty alleviation in developing countries
Poultry International - April 2018 - 11
Poultry International - April 2018 - VIV Europe to focus on smart food production
Poultry International - April 2018 - 13
Poultry International - April 2018 - State-of-the-art poultry research center opens in UK
Poultry International - April 2018 - 15
Poultry International - April 2018 - 16
Poultry International - April 2018 - 17
Poultry International - April 2018 - Whole grains in broiler diets may boost feed efficiency
Poultry International - April 2018 - 19
Poultry International - April 2018 - 20
Poultry International - April 2018 - 21
Poultry International - April 2018 - How endotoxins aggravate broiler heat stress
Poultry International - April 2018 - 23
Poultry International - April 2018 - 24
Poultry International - April 2018 - 25
Poultry International - April 2018 - 26
Poultry International - April 2018 - 27
Poultry International - April 2018 - Marketing-driven poultry production’s real feed costs
Poultry International - April 2018 - 29
Poultry International - April 2018 - 30
Poultry International - April 2018 - 31
Poultry International - April 2018 - 32
Poultry International - April 2018 - 33
Poultry International - April 2018 - Fish meal in poultry diets: to use, or not to use?
Poultry International - April 2018 - 35
Poultry International - April 2018 - Poultry processing requires mix of expertise, automation
Poultry International - April 2018 - 37
Poultry International - April 2018 - 38
Poultry International - April 2018 - Marketplace
Poultry International - April 2018 - Ad Index
Poultry International - April 2018 - Cover3
Poultry International - April 2018 - Cover4
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