Poultry International - April 2018 - 33

PoultryInternational ❙ 33

POULTRY PRODUCTION'S REAL FEED COSTS
cage-free eggs by 2025, the U.S. cage-free egg production
has nearly doubled. According to the American Egg
Board's October 2017 report, 15.8 percent of the U.S. flock
now consists of cage-free hens.
To meet the demand of buyers' cage-free commitment,
in less than a decade, U.S. egg producers must convert more
than half of their production to "cage-free systems," which
allow hens room to stand, sit, turn around and extend their
limbs without touching another bird or the sides of the cage.
According to the Coalition for Sustainable Egg Supply,
aside from the capital costs incurred by growers, feed costs
will increase as well: "While feed consumption per hen
was similar across all [production] systems ... feed cost
per dozen eggs produced in the aviary was higher because
production per hen declined more over the life of the flock."
Aviary systems had per dozen costs 36 percent higher
than conventional caged housing systems; enriched colonies
had costs 13 percent higher, the coalition reports.

Cage-free chickens require 15 to 25 percent more feed to
produce the same number of eggs as modern cage systems, a
United Egg Producers report states, estimating aviaries would
requiring an increase of 1.5 million tons feed.

Who picks up the tab?
As these evolving, consumer-driven production models
become the norm, producers and feed manufacturers will
need to step up to meet new cost, formulation and production
demands.
Today, at least with antibiotic reductions, much of the cost
is absorbed by the producer, but as time goes on, this may no
longer be the case. On the plus side, for example, according
to a 2015 Consumer Reports survey, more than half of U.S.
consumers are willing to pay more for antibiotic-free meat.
Slow-growth broilers have always and continue demand
premium prices, but they also appeal to a certain subsect
of the public. The U.S. egg industry, on the other hand, will
continue to struggle as it transitions to a cage-free model. ■
References available upon request.

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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Poultry International - April 2018

Poultry International - April 2018
Contents
Editor’s Comment
News
Mixed prospects for Middle East’s poultry sector
Eggs provide poverty alleviation in developing countries
VIV Europe to focus on smart food production
State-of-the-art poultry research center opens in UK
Whole grains in broiler diets may boost feed efficiency
How endotoxins aggravate broiler heat stress
Marketing-driven poultry production’s real feed costs
Fish meal in poultry diets: to use, or not to use?
Poultry processing requires mix of expertise, automation
Products
Marketplace
Ad Index
Poultry International - April 2018 - CT1
Poultry International - April 2018 - CT2
Poultry International - April 2018 - Poultry International - April 2018
Poultry International - April 2018 - Cover2
Poultry International - April 2018 - BB1
Poultry International - April 2018 - BB2
Poultry International - April 2018 - Contents
Poultry International - April 2018 - Editor’s Comment
Poultry International - April 2018 - 3
Poultry International - April 2018 - News
Poultry International - April 2018 - 5
Poultry International - April 2018 - Mixed prospects for Middle East’s poultry sector
Poultry International - April 2018 - 7
Poultry International - April 2018 - 8
Poultry International - April 2018 - 9
Poultry International - April 2018 - Eggs provide poverty alleviation in developing countries
Poultry International - April 2018 - 11
Poultry International - April 2018 - VIV Europe to focus on smart food production
Poultry International - April 2018 - 13
Poultry International - April 2018 - State-of-the-art poultry research center opens in UK
Poultry International - April 2018 - 15
Poultry International - April 2018 - 16
Poultry International - April 2018 - 17
Poultry International - April 2018 - Whole grains in broiler diets may boost feed efficiency
Poultry International - April 2018 - 19
Poultry International - April 2018 - 20
Poultry International - April 2018 - 21
Poultry International - April 2018 - How endotoxins aggravate broiler heat stress
Poultry International - April 2018 - 23
Poultry International - April 2018 - 24
Poultry International - April 2018 - 25
Poultry International - April 2018 - 26
Poultry International - April 2018 - 27
Poultry International - April 2018 - Marketing-driven poultry production’s real feed costs
Poultry International - April 2018 - 29
Poultry International - April 2018 - 30
Poultry International - April 2018 - 31
Poultry International - April 2018 - 32
Poultry International - April 2018 - 33
Poultry International - April 2018 - Fish meal in poultry diets: to use, or not to use?
Poultry International - April 2018 - 35
Poultry International - April 2018 - Poultry processing requires mix of expertise, automation
Poultry International - April 2018 - 37
Poultry International - April 2018 - 38
Poultry International - April 2018 - Marketplace
Poultry International - April 2018 - Ad Index
Poultry International - April 2018 - Cover3
Poultry International - April 2018 - Cover4
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