Poultry International - November 2017 - 16
16 ❙ PoultryInternational
Poultry trade bans: understanding
the economic impact
Regional restrictions rather than blanket bans can be
preferable for importers and exporters when poultry diseases
disrupt trading relationships.
imported US$122 million in U.S. poultry products, including eggs. The U.S. represented a significant source of supply, accounting for a little over 10 percent of the imports of
chicken meat and eggs combined.
Disease outbreaks at home
Losing a major supplier in its entirety can cause major
disruption, but for the South Korean market, problems have
been compounded by also having to deal with issues much
closer to home.
The country has had problems within its own production
system and, toward the end of 2016, implemented yet another massive cull of birds in its ongoing effort to control avian
influenza, further harming its domestic supply of poultry
meat and eggs. Some 20 percent of the country's poultry
flock was lost, exacerbating supply issues, particularly in
the egg market.
South Korea suffered a double hit. Not only were its do-
| apu, Bigstockphoto.com
Trade bans in response to a disease
outbreak , for example, avian influenza, can be costly.
If a ban is too broadly applied,
then concerns are usually raised by the
country that has lost its export marTodd Southerland
kets, but the country instituting the
ban may also have a price to pay, particularly if it sees its
other sources of supply disrupted.
Take for example, South Korea and its imports of chicken meat and eggs from the U.S., which were halted in their
entirety in response to outbreaks of avian influenza.
While Brazil may be the largest exporter of poultry
meat to South Korea, the U.S. is also a major supplier, and
where processed eggs are concerned, it is the main overseas
source of supply.
In 2014, the last full year without any highly pathogenic
avian influenza (HPAI) restrictions in place, South Korea
www.WATTAgNet.com ❙ November 2017