Poultry International - November 2017 - 12
12 ❙ PoultryInternational
MODERN POULTRY PRODUCTION
consumers, much like what is done with eggs. Data acquisition software could also identify and remove any birds that
are considered unhealthy or contagious.
Extreme biosecurity measures will likely be observed
and followed, and human access will be very limited, meaning improved biosecurity. Less contact with chickens contributes to the further reduction of antibiotic use, matching
the demand for antibiotic-free products.
IN THE FUTURE,
WATER WILL BE SCARCE, BUT
THE WATER QUALITY FOR FARM
ANIMALS WILL BE RAISED TO
THAT OF HUMAN QUALITY
Alternative energy resources
science photo | Shutterstock
Increasing efficiencies should be a focus as well as a
smart system to use natural resources. "Alternative energy
sources will play a vital role in helping us meet the demands
of production while focusing on sustainability. Wind and
solar power, and rainwater harvesting can offer sustainable
solutions, while also helping with our public reputation as a
mass consumer of resources," said Fabian.
today's and more automated, with eggs moved automatically
throughout the different areas," said De Clercq. But there is
also "the possibility of keeping chicks at the hatchery until
days 3 to 7 to help them get stronger before placement," added Fabian.
Along with automation, advances in hatchery technology will make it feasible "to have better hairline crack
detection and perhaps even accurate sexing of birds in ovo
and better hatchability," said Jackman. Along with in ovo
sexing, "Vaccination and administration of additives will be
common place," said De Clercq. Other advances include embryos of the unwanted gender not being hatched and incubation performance improving due to individual egg/embryo
The strong anthropomorphic attitude of society toward animals is having a strong influence in poultry husbandry and production. In conjunction with this, Penz thinks
that society will force egg production to go in a direction
that is not fully proven to be the best to the hens. On the
other hand, this new driving force is pushing for changes in
equipment, like improved cage-free design, which is rendering progress. "We are already reducing things like floor eggs
or keel bone damage," said Jackman.
It is important to point out that, while entering this new
wave of cage-free production, purpose-built equipment must
be applied. New housing system designs must allow for an
increased barn space utilization, without compromising
stocking density for meat and egg production.
In ovo sexing and on-farm hatching
Something that would change the entire system in
the near future is on-farm hatching of broiler chicks.
"Hatcheries can be expected to be significantly larger than
Antibiotic-free production, husbandry
The good old concepts of biosecurity, feed quality and
management will be more mandatory now than ever. Caged
production egg systems have been helpful to isolate animals, in a way, from pathogens. The poultry industry will
need mechanisms for controlling these pathogens and disease, if isolation is no longer permitted.
Slow-growing birds and antibiotic-free feed will require
closer monitoring of bird health, since birds will be in the
houses longer, and the industry will likely need to find organic alternatives to treat birds. Much work is being done on
that today, but the demand that the poultry industry will face
will probably require looking at synthetic replacements. ■
This is the 10th article in WATT Global Media's 100-year anniversary series, which offers a glimpse into the future
of modern poultry production. The next article in the series will explore advances in processing technology.
www.WATTAgNet.com ❙ November 2017