Poultry International - April 2017 - 26

26 ❙ PoultryInternational
WHEN TO USE NATURAL BETAINE IN POULTRY DIETS

characterized by slow growth rates (broilers) and
reduced layer performance (low egg numbers and
What is natural betaine?
low egg weight). Using a natural source of methyl,
Apart from chemically-derived betaine, a natural
donors can bypass the issue of methionine/choline
form is also available, albeit in limited quantities.
deficiency, allowing for greater performance.  
It comes from sugar beets in the form of a liquid
Some nutritionists, including myself, often opt
concentrate of molasses. Molasses is a useful cofor a wholesome ingredient that contains a major
product of sucrose extraction from sugar beets,
additive/compound instead of its purified form.
which contain so much betaine that this molecule
This is the case, for example, when it comes to
functional fibers, where I expect to
find a greater use from a complex
Read more about betaine: Betaine can spare dietary
source of fibers versus a purified
methionine, choline www.WATTAgNet.com/
one. Perhaps the same holds true to
articles/20301
natural betaine that includes many
more biomolecules than just bewas first discovered in beets, hence its name - betaine due to its concentrated and not purified form.
taine! Most of the betaine in beets is in the molasses
Perhaps this is not correct, but this thinking is not
fraction, and its concentration creates a betaine-rich
uncommon among nutritionists.  
liquid product that can be used as an additive.
Feed mills with advanced liquid application caThere is no universal additive, just like there is
pabilities opt for liquid additives to depreciate the
no magic additive.
cost of the machinery. In such cases, any possible
Natural betaine contains about 400 ppm betaine,
liquid additive offers logistics-related savings to
compared to about 800 ppm in synthetic betaine
them. Here it merits to note that such liquid applicaproducts. As such, inclusion rates can be easily astion systems are very accurate, albeit expensive, thus
sumed to be roughly twice for the natural versus the
minimizing errors and waste.  
synthetic product. Most poultry diets contain from
Certain feed mills that place a premium on qual200 to 1,000 ppm pure betaine (regardless of source).
ity over cost often prefer to buy "locally" from a
known supplier rather than a faceless "supermarWhen is natural
ket." This has nothing to do with the source of mabetaine preferred?
terials, per se, but rather with the lack of adequate
Despite any price differences, which always dein-house quality control mechanisms. A single,
pend on volume, distance, etc., the use of a natural
local, direct source can be more reliable compared
source of betaine can be deemed preferable in the
to an unknown trader sourcing from a number of
following cases - not all of which might apply tomanufacturers. Again, it is a matter of logistics and
gether.
quality control.  
In organic poultry nutrition, synthetic methionine
The term natural carries a specific weight in
is not allowed (at least in some schemes throughout
certain markets and products - a prestige different
the world). The same is true for all similar additives,
from that enjoyed by formal certification systems.
making the use of synthetic choline and chemical
As such, when one tries to design a "natural" diet,
betaine impossible. Methionine is the first limiting
any ingredient used with such origin can enhance
amino acid in poultry diets, and without methionine
the image of the final product. Of course, this is not
supplementation, modern hybrids cannot reach their
an easy exercise, but it does come into play on cergenetic potential. Thus, organic farming has been
tain occasions.
www.WATTAgNet.com ❙ April 2017


http://www.WATTAgNet.com/articles/20301 http://www.WATTAgNet.com/articles/20301 http://www.WATTAgNet.com

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Poultry International - April 2017

Poultry International - April 2017
Contents
Editor’s Comment
News
Russian broiler producers facing flat growth in 2017
VIV Russia to showcase industry’s developments
Who will supply China’s growing appetite for poultry?
Gut health additives: four possible future scenarios
11 mycotoxin survey lessons to reduce poultry feed risks
When to use natural betaine in poultry diets
Reducing poultry processing waste maximizes yield, profits
Products
Marketplace
Advertisers’ Index
Poultry International - April 2017 - Poultry International - April 2017
Poultry International - April 2017 - Cover2
Poultry International - April 2017 - Contents
Poultry International - April 2017 - Editor’s Comment
Poultry International - April 2017 - 3
Poultry International - April 2017 - News
Poultry International - April 2017 - 5
Poultry International - April 2017 - Russian broiler producers facing flat growth in 2017
Poultry International - April 2017 - 7
Poultry International - April 2017 - 8
Poultry International - April 2017 - 9
Poultry International - April 2017 - VIV Russia to showcase industry’s developments
Poultry International - April 2017 - 11
Poultry International - April 2017 - Who will supply China’s growing appetite for poultry?
Poultry International - April 2017 - 13
Poultry International - April 2017 - 14
Poultry International - April 2017 - 15
Poultry International - April 2017 - Gut health additives: four possible future scenarios
Poultry International - April 2017 - BB1
Poultry International - April 2017 - BB2
Poultry International - April 2017 - 17
Poultry International - April 2017 - 18
Poultry International - April 2017 - 19
Poultry International - April 2017 - 11 mycotoxin survey lessons to reduce poultry feed risks
Poultry International - April 2017 - 21
Poultry International - April 2017 - 22
Poultry International - April 2017 - 23
Poultry International - April 2017 - When to use natural betaine in poultry diets
Poultry International - April 2017 - 25
Poultry International - April 2017 - 26
Poultry International - April 2017 - 27
Poultry International - April 2017 - Reducing poultry processing waste maximizes yield, profits
Poultry International - April 2017 - 29
Poultry International - April 2017 - 30
Poultry International - April 2017 - 31
Poultry International - April 2017 - 32
Poultry International - April 2017 - 33
Poultry International - April 2017 - Products
Poultry International - April 2017 - Marketplace
Poultry International - April 2017 - Advertisers’ Index
Poultry International - April 2017 - Cover3
Poultry International - April 2017 - Cover4
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