Poultry International - February 2017 - 32

32 ❙ PoultryInternational

How to make homemade
poultry, pig trace mineral
premixes
Creating a homemade trace mineral premix is not an impossible
proposition if the basic principles of ingredient selection and mixing
are followed.
IOANNIS MAVROMICHALIS
Most animal feed producers, especially the
smaller ones, buy a premade blend of vitamins
and trace minerals - the so-called vitamin and
trace mineral premix or just VTM premix. This is
added at various levels in each feed, or a separate
one is used for each different feed.

Examples of common sources
of trace minerals
Mineral
Zinc
Iron

Manganese

Copper
Iodine
Selenium

Source

Mineral % Availability

Zinc oxide

80.3

Excellent

Zinc sulfate

22.7

Good

Ferrous sulfate

20.1

Excellent

Ferrous oxide

69.9

Poor

Manganese
carbonate

47.8

Medium

Manganese
oxide

77.4

Good

Manganese
sulfate

22.8

Excellent

Cupric oxide

79.7

Poor

Cupric sulfate

25.4

Excellent

Calcium iodate

65.1

Excellent

Cuprous Iodide

66.6

Excellent

Sodium selenite

45.7

Excellent

Sodium selenate

41.8

Excellent

Not all mineral salts offer the same availability.

In general, it is advisable to buy two distinct
premixes, one each for the vitamins and trace
minerals, because certain minerals tend to destroy
certain vitamins when in close contact. Thus, if
the trace mineral premix is bought as a separate
entity, it is interesting to consider mixing it at
home. Savings will never be great enough, but this
is the case with anything pertaining to animal and
feed production.

Trace mineral premixes, step by step
A homemade trace mineral premix makes
more sense when large quantities of feed
are farm-mixed, or if labor is inexpensive.
Equipment for this job can be as sophisticated
as a computerized microbatch mixer or a simple
hand-weight system. The following guidelines
will ensure that all recommendations are considered when home mixing:
■ Initially, a reliable, local supplier of highlyavailable trace mineral salts should be identified. The cost per gram of pure element (for
example, iron, and not iron sulfate) is the final
criterion for choosing the least cost product
among salts supplying the same trace mineral
(see below for availability complications).
Afterwards,
minimal and maximal inclusion
■
rates must be predefined for all elements (iron,
zinc, manganese, selenium, iodine). If a single
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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Poultry International - February 2017

Poultry International - February 2017
Contents
Editor’s Comment
Top Asian poultry companies to watch
VIV Asia 2017 to represent entire animal protein chain
How stocking density affects free-range hen behavior
6 questions about the future of animal protein production
Seed biotechnology: The impact on animal production
Successful poultry processors identify challenges, benefits
How to make homemade poultry, pig trace mineral premixes
Products
Marketplace
Advertisers’ Index
Poultry International - February 2017 - Poultry International - February 2017
Poultry International - February 2017 - Cover2
Poultry International - February 2017 - A
Poultry International - February 2017 - B
Poultry International - February 2017 - Contents
Poultry International - February 2017 - Editor’s Comment
Poultry International - February 2017 - 3
Poultry International - February 2017 - 4
Poultry International - February 2017 - 5
Poultry International - February 2017 - Top Asian poultry companies to watch
Poultry International - February 2017 - 7
Poultry International - February 2017 - 8
Poultry International - February 2017 - 9
Poultry International - February 2017 - 10
Poultry International - February 2017 - 11
Poultry International - February 2017 - 12
Poultry International - February 2017 - 13
Poultry International - February 2017 - VIV Asia 2017 to represent entire animal protein chain
Poultry International - February 2017 - 15
Poultry International - February 2017 - How stocking density affects free-range hen behavior
Poultry International - February 2017 - 17
Poultry International - February 2017 - 6 questions about the future of animal protein production
Poultry International - February 2017 - 19
Poultry International - February 2017 - 20
Poultry International - February 2017 - 21
Poultry International - February 2017 - 22
Poultry International - February 2017 - 23
Poultry International - February 2017 - Seed biotechnology: The impact on animal production
Poultry International - February 2017 - 25
Poultry International - February 2017 - 26
Poultry International - February 2017 - 27
Poultry International - February 2017 - Successful poultry processors identify challenges, benefits
Poultry International - February 2017 - 29
Poultry International - February 2017 - 30
Poultry International - February 2017 - 31
Poultry International - February 2017 - How to make homemade poultry, pig trace mineral premixes
Poultry International - February 2017 - 33
Poultry International - February 2017 - 34
Poultry International - February 2017 - 35
Poultry International - February 2017 - Products
Poultry International - February 2017 - 37
Poultry International - February 2017 - 38
Poultry International - February 2017 - Marketplace
Poultry International - February 2017 - Advertisers’ Index
Poultry International - February 2017 - Cover3
Poultry International - February 2017 - Cover4
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